According to the 2007, 2009, and 2011 benchmark studies performed by Prosci, Inc., a world leader in change management research, ineffective sponsorship from senior leaders was identified as the #1 change management obstacle. Said differently, the top reason that change initiatives (such as system implementations, organizational structure changes, etc.) fail is due to ‘lack of leadership’. That’s right…’lack of leadership’. Not too little funding, not bad project plans, not resource constraints, but ‘lack of leadership’. In addition, Prosci’s research also found that most change initiatives with effective leadership met or exceeded expectations. So, I think we have a pattern here. Projects with effective leadership succeed, while projects with ineffective leadership fail. Maybe I should just end this paper right here.